AN INTRODUCTION TO

CANNABIS TERPENES

TERPENES

The cannabis plant consists of a wide variety of chemicals and compounds. More than 200 of these belong to a large class of aromatic organic hydrocarbons known as terpenes, but only 30 of these occur in significant proportions.

TRICHOMES

Terpenes are primarily found in resin heads atop cannabis glandular trichomes. Terpenes also play an important role by providing the plant with natural protection from bacteria and fungus, insects and other environmental stressors.

Terpenes enhance the effects of cannabis and are a major part of the flavour and aroma profiles found in each strain.

Terpenes

Terpenes are the most common plant chemical in nature, they are the aromatic constituents of all essential oils and are found in all spices, fruits and vegetables.

CANNABIS TERPENES

The exact effects of terpenes on their own, and within cannabis, are currently unknown, but the following descriptions may help you navigate different strains. According to the British Journal of Pharmacology, these are common terpenes found in cannabis:

Bisabolol

Floral, peppery, & nutty

Comforting terpene

Found in: chamomile

Borneol

minty and spicy notes

Invigorating terpene

Found in: rosemary, mint, ginger, tarragon, and wormwood

Caryophyllene

spice, pepper, & a hint of wood

Balancing terpene

Found in: basil, oregano, hops, and rosemary, and spices (such as cloves, caraway, black pepper, and cinnamon)

Cymene

woody, spicy, & citrus notes

Centering terpene

Found in: coriander, oregano, thyme, and cumin

Eucalyptol

cooling, earthy, & minty aroma

Revitalizing terpene

Found in: bay leaves, tea trees, and eucalyptus trees

FENCHOL

bitter, piney, floral, & lime-like

Restorative terpene

Found in: fennel and basil

Geraniol

floral, waxy, & fruity-Citronella

Relaxing terpene

Found in: geranium flowers, tobacco, and lemons

HUMULENE

woodsy, earthy, & citrus

Motivating terpene

Found in: hops, coriander, cloves, and basil

LIMONENE

Sweet lemon and orange

Uplifting terpene

Found in: citrus rinds, juniper, peppermint, and rosemary

LInalool

floral with spicy overtones

Calming terpene

Found in: lavender, laurel, mint, birch trees, and rosewood

Myrcene

citrus, earthy, & musky scent

Mellowing terpene

Found in: mangoes and wild thyme, as well as hops, lemongrass, bay leaves, and citrus fruits

Ocimene

sweet, tropical, floral, & woody

Purifying terpene

Found in: allspice, mint, basil, parsley, and pepper

Pinene

fresh pine, sweet wood, & rosemary

Energizing terpene

Found in: pine needles, orange peels, parsley, dill, and sage

Terpineol

Floral

Refreshing terpene

Found in: pine trees, lilac trees, cannabis, eucalyptus leaves, sap, and lime blossoms

Terpinolene

piney, floral, & herbal

Cleansing terpene

Found in: nutmeg, tea tree, conifers,apples, cumin, and lilac trees

CANNABIS TERPENES

The exact effects of terpenes on their own, and within cannabis, are currently unknown, but the following descriptions may help you navigate different strains. According to the British Journal of Pharmacology, these are common terpenes found in cannabis:

Bisabolol

Floral, peppery, & nutty

Comforting terpene

Found in: chamomile

Borneol

minty and spicy notes

Invigorating terpene

Found in: rosemary, mint, ginger, tarragon, and wormwood

Caryophyllene

spice, pepper, & a hint of wood

Balancing terpene

Found in: basil, oregano, hops, and rosemary, and spices (such as cloves, caraway, black pepper, and cinnamon)

Cymene

woody, spicy, & citrus notes

Centering terpene

Found in: coriander, oregano, thyme, and cumin

Eucalyptol

cooling, earthy, & minty aroma

Revitalizing terpene

Found in: bay leaves, tea trees, and eucalyptus trees

FENCHOL

bitter, piney, floral, & lime-like

Restorative terpene

Found in: fennel and basil

Geraniol

floral, waxy, & fruity-Citronella

Relaxing terpene

Found in: geranium flowers, tobacco, and lemons

HUMULENE

woodsy, earthy, & citrus

Motivating terpene

Found in: hops, coriander, cloves, and basil

LIMONENE

Sweet lemon and orange

Uplifting terpene

Found in: citrus rinds, juniper, peppermint, and rosemary

LInalool

floral with spicy overtones

Calming terpene

Found in: lavender, laurel, mint, birch trees, and rosewood

Myrcene

citrus, earthy, & musky scent

Mellowing terpene

Found in: mangoes and wild thyme, as well as hops, lemongrass, bay leaves, and citrus fruits

Ocimene

sweet, tropical, floral, & woody

Purifying terpene

Found in: allspice, mint, basil, parsley, and pepper

Pinene

fresh pine, sweet wood, & rosemary

Energizing terpene

Found in: pine needles, orange peels, parsley, dill, and sage

Terpineol

Floral

Refreshing terpene

Found in: pine trees, lilac trees, cannabis, eucalyptus leaves, sap, and lime blossoms

Terpinolene

piney, floral, & herbal

Cleansing terpene

Found in: nutmeg, tea tree, conifers,apples, cumin, and lilac trees

CANNABIS TERPENES

The exact effects of terpenes on their own, and within cannabis, are currently unknown, but the following descriptions may help you navigate different strains. According to the British Journal of Pharmacology, these are common terpenes found in cannabis:

Bisabolol

Floral, peppery, & nutty

Comforting terpene

Found in: chamomile

Borneol

minty and spicy notes

Invigorating terpene

Found in: rosemary, mint, ginger, tarragon, and wormwood

Caryophyllene

spice, pepper, & a hint of wood

Balancing terpene

Found in: basil, oregano, hops, and rosemary, and spices (such as cloves, caraway, black pepper, and cinnamon)

Cymene

woody, spicy, & citrus notes

Centering terpene

Found in: coriander, oregano, thyme, and cumin

Eucalyptol

cooling, earthy, & minty aroma

Revitalizing terpene

Found in: bay leaves, tea trees, and eucalyptus trees

FENCHOL

bitter, piney, floral, & lime-like

Restorative terpene

Found in: fennel and basil

Geraniol

floral, waxy, & fruity-Citronella

Relaxing terpene

Found in: geranium flowers, tobacco, and lemons

HUMULENE

woodsy, earthy, & citrus

Motivating terpene

Found in: hops, coriander, cloves, and basil

LIMONENE

Sweet lemon and orange

Uplifting terpene

Found in: citrus rinds, juniper, peppermint, and rosemary

LInalool

floral with spicy overtones

Calming terpene

Found in: lavender, laurel, mint, birch trees, and rosewood

Myrcene

citrus, earthy, & musky scent

Mellowing terpene

Found in: mangoes and wild thyme, as well as hops, lemongrass, bay leaves, and citrus fruits

Ocimene

sweet, tropical, floral, & woody

Purifying terpene

Found in: allspice, mint, basil, parsley, and pepper

Pinene

fresh pine, sweet wood, & rosemary

Energizing terpene

Found in: pine needles, orange peels, parsley, dill, and sage

Terpineol

Floral

Refreshing terpene

Found in: pine trees, lilac trees, cannabis, eucalyptus leaves, sap, and lime blossoms

Terpinolene

piney, floral, & herbal

Cleansing terpene

Found in: nutmeg, tea tree, conifers,apples, cumin, and lilac trees